2023학년도 수능 영어 40번, 해설 (문제 풀이)
“Craftsmanship” may suggest a way of life that declined with the arrival of industrial society ― but this is misleading. Craftsmanship names an enduring, basic human impulse, the desire to do a job well for its own sake. Craftsmanship cuts a far wider swath than skilled manual labor; it serves the computer programmer, the doctor, and the artist; parenting improves when it is practiced as a skilled craft, as does citizenship. In all these domains, craftsmanship focuses on objective standards, on the thing in itself. Social and economic conditions, however, often stand in the way of the craftsman’s discipline and commitment: schools may fail to provide the tools to do good work, and workplaces may not truly value the aspiration for quality. And though craftsmanship can reward an individual with a sense of pride in work, this reward is not simple. The craftsman often faces conflicting objective standards of excellence; the desire to do something well for its own sake can be weakened by competitive pressure, by frustration, or by obsession.
* swath: 구획
요약 문제의 난이도는 18번이나 20번 정도 수준으로 쉽습니다.
문제를 푸는 방법은
제일 밑에 있는 요약부터 먼저 읽어 답을 찾고, 예상한 답이 맞는지는 글을 처음부터 읽으며 확인하면 됩니다. 밑의 요약 부분만 읽어도 답을 찾을 수 있는 경우가 많습니다.
|Craftsmanship, a human desire that has (A) persisted over time in diverse contexts, often encounters factors that (B) limit its full development.|
(3)이 답이 될 가능성은 거의 없습니다. persisted 와 diminished 둘 다 (A)에 넣어보고 적절한 말을 찾고, (B)에도 적절한 말을 넣어보면 됩니다. (A) persisted 가 적절할까 하며, (B)를 보았더니 바로 답이 보이네요. 요약만 읽고도 풀 수 있는 문제입니다. 요약 부분에 가장 많은 시간을 소비해야 합니다.
|Craftsmanship, a human desire that has endured over time and across various domains, often encounters social and economic factors that hinder its full development, despite its focus on objective standards and the desire to do a job well for its own sake.|
이렇게 요약해도 되겠죠? 학교용 시험 문제를 하나 만들었네요. 똑같은 지문에 답만 다릅니다.
알아야 할 표현
- craftsman + ship
- friendship, relationship, partnership, membership, apprenticeship, sponsorship, dealership, championship, internship, stewardship, scholarship, ...
- may와 might의 차이
- name (v.)
- to name a price
- for its own sake
- If you do something for its own sake, you do it because it is interesting and enjoyable, and not because you have or need to do it. (Cambridge Dictionary)
- I believe in education for its own sake, not just to get a good job. (Cambridge Dictionary)
- for your own sake
- for the sake of N
- stand in the way of N
- You know I won't stand in your way if you want to apply for a job abroad. (Cambridge Dictionary)