[41～42] 다음 글을 읽고, 물음에 답하시오.
Increased size affects group life in a number of ways. There is evidence that larger groups (five or six members) are more productive than smaller groups (two or three members). Members of larger groups tend to offer more suggestions than members of smaller groups, and although they seem to reach less agreement, they also show less tension. These differences may reflect the greater need of larger groups to solve organizational problems. Members may realize that their behavior must become more goal-directed, since it is unlikely that they can coordinate their actions without making a special effort to do so. Larger groups also put more pressure on their members to conform. In such groups, it is harder for everyone to take part equally in discussions or to have the same amount of influence on decisions.
There is evidence that groups with an even number of members differ from groups with an odd number of members. The former disagree more than the latter and suffer more deadlocks as a result. Groups with an even number of members may split into halves. This is impossible in groups with an odd number of members ― one side always has a numerical advantage. According to some researchers, the number five has special significance. Groups of this size usually __________ the problems we have just outlined. Moreover, they are not plagued by the fragility and tensions found in groups of two or three. Groups of five rate high in member satisfaction; because of the odd number of members, deadlocks are unlikely when disagreements occur.
41. 윗글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?
① Why the Number of Group Members Counts
② Individuality vs. Collectivity in the Workplace
③ Equal Opportunities: Toward Maximum Satisfaction
④ How to Cope with Conflicts in Groups
⑤ Agreement on Group Size Pays Off!
42. 윗글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? [3점]
① probe ② escape ③ mirror ④ trigger ⑤ escalate
문제 푸는 순서
문맥-단어: 제목 찾을 때, (a)~(e)가 포함되면, 같이 풀어야 합니다.