When Was the Stone Age?
The Stone Age occurred about 100,000 to 35,000 years ago. The people who lived during this time in Europe are known as Neanderthal people. They lived in caves, used fire, and hunted animals using stone tools and wooden spears.
Historians call this period of prehistory the Stone Age because stone was the most important material used by the first toolmakers. Their early stone-crafting techniques show surprising skill. They chipped or flaked off bits of stone to make shaped tools, including hand axes and knives. Both the hand axe and scraper were usually made from flint. Spear heads were often shaped from wood or deer antlers.
Stone Age hunters killed deer and other animals with spears, bows, and stones, often ambushing them on the move. Although they were not as fast as the animals they hunted, they made up for it by using teamwork and accuracy with their weapons.
*Stone Age people hunted with bows, spears, and flint axes. In America, groups of hunters drove to extinction large grazing animals, such as mastodons and bison.